Pig farming in Nigeria is a business anyone interested in agriculture should consider because pig meat (pork) is one of the most produced animal meat in the world. According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), 38% of the meat protein consumed in the world is pork. Pork is the most abundantly produced and consumed animal meat in the world. This global consumption of pork means you can buy pig from us and start your pig farming business and export pork to the world. You can even start by exporting it to nearby Benin republic, the love for pork in that country is incredible!

Another strong reason for considering pig farming in Nigeria is because a pig can give birth to 6 to 12 piglets at once while being pregnant for only 4 months. This means that one pig can conceive twice in one year and give birth to 12 to 24 piglets.

It also takes just 6 to 8 months for a pig to mature and reach market weight. So, if a pig gets pregnant in January and gives birth in May, by December the piglets will be ready for either sales or consumption. This makes pig farming in Nigeria a very commercially viable and profitable business. Also, there are many scientific benefits of eating pork meat making it a delicacy for millions of Nigerians.

Pig Farming in Nigeria

If you’re interested in pig farming in Nigeria, there are certain key things you need to know and put in place in order to be successful. These things are:

  • Breeds for Pig Farming in Nigeria

The most common pig breeds for commercial pig production are the Yorkshire, Landrace, Hampshire, Duroc, and Tibetan, Tamworth and Meishan breeds and their crosses. These breeds produce lean meat combined with efficient feed conversion (3 kg of good feed is needed to produce 1 kg of pork). A very good breed for pig farming in Nigeria is Large White.

  • Start-up Cost of Pig Farming in Nigeria

The major expenditure of pig farming in Nigeria is in the construction of their pens (housing) and buying the pigs (weaners). A pig pen is an enclosure that houses pigs. It is also called or known as a Sty. A pig pen that can house 10 pigs can be constructed for about N100, 000. The different types of pig pen used for pig farming in Nigeria are:

  1. Breeding Pen: This is the pen where mature male and female pigs are kept for mating purposes. 
  2. Farrowing Pen: This is the pen where pregnant and nursing female pigs (Sows) are kept. It is like the maternity ward for pigs. 
  3. Weaner Pen: This is the pen where baby pigs (piglets) are taken to when they become 2 months old. This is the pen where the piglets are introduced to solid food after feeding exclusively on breast milk for the first 2 months of their life 
  4. Grower Pen: This is the pen where pigs are kept for intensive feeding necessary for rapid growth.
  5. Finisher Pen: This is the pen where pigs are kept when they’ve reached maturity (8 to 9 months old) and are ready to be sold or slaughtered.